Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas is not producing enough insulin and the insulin is not working effectively.
Research suggests type 2 diabetes can be prevented in up to 58% of cases by regular exercise and healthy eating.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes – accounting for around 90% of all cases.
It is a progressive condition where the body still produces some insulin, but that insulin is either ineffective or there is not enough of it.
Type 2 diabetes mostly develops in adults, but children can also be affected.
Due to its progressive nature over time, treatment may progress to blood glucose-lowering medication and/or insulin.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when your cells become resistant to the action of insulin, and your pancreas is unable to make enough insulin to overcome this resistance.
Instead of moving into your cells where it’s needed for energy, glucose builds up in your bloodstream.
Tuomilehto J, Lindström J, Eriksson et al. Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus by Changes in Lifestyle among Subjects with Impaired Glucose Tolerance. N Engl J Med. 2001;344(18):1343-50.
Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin. N Engl J Med. 2002;2002(346):393-403.