Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body’s immune system attacks and kills the beta cells in the pancreas that make insulin.

We don’t yet know what causes type 1 diabetes.

However, genetics and environmental influences may be factors.

Type 1 diabetes generally develops in childhood or adolescence, but can develop in adulthood.

Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin, given as daily insulin injections or via an insulin pump.

Latent autoimmune diabetes of adults (LADA) is a slow progressing form of type 1 diabetes that can be managed in the early stages without insulin therapy.

Many people with LADA are misdiagnosed with type 2 diabetes.

The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown.

What is known is that your immune system – which normally fights harmful bacteria or viruses – attacks and destroys your insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This leaves you with little or no insulin. Instead of being transported into your cells, glucose builds up in your bloodstream.