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Published December 2019

2019 Cognitive dysfunction in diabetes: how to implement emerging guidelines
Cognitive dysfunction, including mild cognitive impairment and dementia, is increasingly recognised as an important comorbidity and complication of diabetes. Recent guidelines therefore recommend screening for cognitive impairment in older individuals with diabetes. Read

Understanding Insulin Pump Settings
Insulin pumps deliver continuous subcutaneous rapid-acting insulin in a flexible manner. Their main use is in the management of type 1 diabetes. For those involved with insulin pump therapy, understand the terminology is important. This article highlights the most common insulin pump terms like basal rates, carb ratios, insulin sensitivity, plus more. Read

European Association for the Study of Diabetes 55th Annual Meeting
In September, The European Association for the Study of Diabetes Annual Meeting occurred in Spain. This annual meeting brings together researchers, healthcare providers, diabetes technology companies. This article highlights some of the latest and most important industry and technological updates in diabetes management from around the globe. Read

Diabetes and Eating Disorders – What does this look like?
Prevalence of Diabetes is increasing worldwide. What are the signs that tell us an eating disorder may be present? What does treatment and management look like? This article looks at the relationship between eating disorders and diabetes, and what treatment might look like. Read

Position statement on biosimilar insulin
Diabetes Australia, along with the Australian Diabetes Society and the Australian Diabetes Educators Association, has developed a position statement outlining our position on biosimilar substitution and pharmacy-level substitution. This highlights that these organisations are strongly opposed to biosimilar insulin substitution at the pharmacy level due to insufficient evidence of safety. Read

Published September 2019

Blood pressure or glucose: Which to treat more aggressively?
About 25% of people with type 1 diabetes and 80% of people with type 2 diabetes have high blood pressure. Having diabetes raises the risk of heart disease, stroke, kidney disease and other health problems. Having high blood pressure also raises this risk. Is blood pressure or glucose: is one more important than the other? Read

38 per cent of adults with type 1 diabetes are misdiagnosed with type 2
Nearly 40 per cent of adults with type 1 diabetes were misdiagnosed and were initially treated for type 2 diabetes, according to research from the University of Exeter in the UK. "Our research shows that if a person diagnosed as type 2 diabetes needs insulin treatment within three years of diabetes diagnosis, they have a high chance of missed type 1 diabetes”. The research could prompt greater consideration of which type of diabetes is present following a diagnosis of diabetes. Read
The 3 stages of type 1 diabetes development (International)
Type 1 diabetes is a medical disorder characterized by the autoimmune destruction of the pancreatic islet cells, eventually leading to the absence of the production of insulin and other important hormones. The lack of insulin leads to hyperglycaemia, or high blood glucose levels. This article looks at the Stages of Type 1 Diabetes Development, the diagnosis of diabetes and an overlook at latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA). Read
Position statement on remission of type 2 diabetes (UK)
The Association of British Clinical Diabetologists (ABCD) and the Primary Care Diabetes Society (PCDS) have released a joint Position Statement on remission of type 2 diabetes. The key messages are that it is possible for people with type 2 diabetes to achieve remission through several means, all of which require sustainable weight loss. “New evidence is emerging that not only it is possible to achieve remission of type 2 diabetes, but it can be sustained for a longer period of time”. Read

How your hormones impact physical activity
The human body only has insulin to lower blood glucose but has five hormones that raise it (with some overlap). This hormone redundancy tells you that, at least from a survival standpoint, your body is desperate to make sure you do not run out of blood glucose; it is not as concerned about you having too much. All exercise causes the release of hormones that increase the production of glucose by your liver and lower your muscular use. As a result, your blood glucose often rises during and after short bouts of intense activity. This article is a comprehensive review of the hormones released during exercise. These include; adrenaline (formally known as epinephrine) and norepinephrine, glucagon, growth hormone, and cortisol. Read

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