Regular testing of your blood glucose level (BGL) is important for blood glucose managment. Your treatment plan can be assessed and changes can be made if required.
The blood glucose level can be estimated by using a blood glucose meter. Your diabetes educator or health care professional will demonstrate to you how to use the meter. Basically it involves obtaining a small sample of blood using a lancet device to prick the finger. This tiny drop of blood is placed onto a strip which has been placed into the blood glucose meter. Within seconds, a result is shown on a screen. This result needs to be recorded in a record book or sheet.
Your blood glucose levels change during the day depending on what foods you eat, when you eat, and how much you eat. Your level of physical activity and when you do the physical activity also affects blood glucose levels. By understanding the effect of food and activity on blood glucose levels, you can work with your health care professional to adjust your treatment.
The expected blood glucose range during pregnancy is lower than for people with diabetes who are not pregnant.
When do I test?
Follow your health care provider's advice about when to test your blood glucose level.
Most commonly, you will be asked to test four times a day:
Blood glucose levels will change throughout the day; however there is a healthy range for these levels.
Generally it is agreed that the target range is:
In some instances, healthy eating and physical activity alone will not keep your blood glucose levels in the target range, and medication will be prescribed.
Have you been recently diagnosed with diabetes? Register on the NDSS for access to products at subsidised prices.
Are you a Diabetes SA member and having problems with your meter? Why not come into Diabetes SA for personalized service and assistance with your meter.