Antenatal care aims to monitor the health of both mother and baby. A woman with gestational diabetes may need special tests in addition to routine antenatal care. Some of these may include:
- Ultrasound – checks on the baby's growth and development. Later in pregnancy it is used to help estimate foetal weight, locate the placenta and assess the amount of amniotic fluid.
A biophysical profile is an ultrasound that checks the breathing, movements and muscle tone of the foetus, as well as the amount of amniotic fluid. Other tests may be included. This provides detailed information about the baby's health.
- Foetal heart rate monitoring. A CTG (cardiotocograph) is a monitor that when placed on the mothers abdomen, measures the baby's heart rate.
- Kick Chart. This is a record of how often you feel your baby move. You may be asked to keep a record of your baby's movements late in the pregnancy. A healthy baby tends to move the same amount each day. You will be instructed to contact your doctor or midwife if the baby is not active.